Title IX and Sexual Harassment: Private Rights of Action, Administrative Enforcement, and Proposed Regulations [April 12, 2019] [open pdf - 2MB]
From the Document: "Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (Title IX) provides an avenue of legal relief for victims of sexual abuse and harassment at educational institutions. It bars discrimination 'on the basis of sex' in an educational program or activity receiving federal funding. Although Title IX makes no explicit reference to sexual harassment or abuse, the Supreme Court and federal agencies have determined that such conduct can sometimes constitute discrimination in violation of the statute; educational institutions in some circumstances can be held responsible when a teacher sexually harasses a student or when one student harasses another. Title IX is mainly enforced (1) through private rights of action brought directly against schools by or on behalf of students subjected to sexual misconduct; and (2) by federal agencies that provide funding to educational programs."
CRS Report for Congress, R45685
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/