ABSTRACT

Serial No. 103-68: Radiation Exposure from Pacific Nuclear Test, Oversight Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Natural Resources, House of Representatives, One Hundred, Third Congress, Second Session on Radiation Exposure from Nuclear Tests in the Pacific, Hearing Held in Washington, DC, February 24, 1994   [open pdf - 31MB]

This is the February 24, 1994 hearing on "Radiation Exposure from Pacific Nuclear Test," held before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Natural Resources, House of Representatives. From the opening statement of George Miller: "The purpose of this morning's hearing is to conduct oversight hearings on the radiation exposure from nuclear tests in the Pacific. Forty years ago next week, March 1, 1954, a joint U.S. military/ civilian task force detonated a 15-megaton thermonuclear device at Bikini Atoll in the Marshall Islands, 2,000 miles southwest of Hawaii. Code-named BRAVO, the test unleashed the most powerful explosion then known to mankind. BRAVO's mushroom cloud rose more than 20 miles into the stratosphere. Radioactive fallout from the test blanketed inhabited atolls downwind from ground zero, unalterably changing the lives of the thousands of people who lived in its path. The joint task force called the pattern of radioactive fallout an accident that occurred due to a last-minute shift in the winds and the failure to anticipate the bomb would yield so much power. The task force evacuated the inhabitants of the islands of Rongelap, Rongerik, and Utirik over the days following the BRAVO accident and issued reports which identified the scope of the fallout from BRAVO as confined to a narrow band of 13 mostly uninhabited atolls east of ground zero. In all, we were told, only 267 people were exposed to the fallout from BRAVO; 28 of those exposed people were U.S. servicemen on Rongerik Atoll. The remainder were islanders from Rongelap and Utirik who became part of the DOE health monitoring program which continues to this day." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Jonathan M. Weisgall, Merril Eisenbud, David M. Weima, Howard L. Hills, Thomas E. Hamilton, Steven L. Simon, Edward Radford, Claims Tribunal, Wilfred I. Kendall, William C. Graham, Johnsay Riklon, Henchi Balos, Hiroshi V. Yamamura, Ishmael John, and Harry J. Pettengill.

Report Number:
Serial No. 103-68
Publisher:
Date:
1994
Copyright:
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Government Publishing Office: http://www.gpo.gov/
Format:
pdf
Media Type:
application/pdf
URL:
Help with citations