From the Introduction: "Yucca Mountain straddles the west boundary of the Nevada Test Site in an arid, remote, and thinly populated region of southwestern Nevada. It is the potential site of a monitored geologic repository for the Nation's commercial and military spent nuclear fuel, high-level radioactive waste derived from reprocessing of uranium and plutonium, surplus plutonium, and other nuclear-weapons materials. (Collectively, these radioactive materials are known as high-level waste [HLW] and are to be distinguished from the low-level radioactive waste to be stored at the recently opened Waste Isolation Pilot Plant in southeastern New Mexico.) Tens of thousands of metric tons of HLW is presently stored at more than a hundred sites in 40 States (fig. 1). The fundamental rationale for a geologic repository for radioactive materials is to securely isolate them from the environment and its occupants to the greatest extent possible."
U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1184
U.S. Geological Survey: https://www.usgs.gov/