From the Document: "U.S.-Senegal ties have long been warm, underpinned by U.S. development aid, appreciation for Senegalese democracy, and security cooperation to confront regional challenges. Senegal has never experienced a military coup and exhibits a relatively free press and civil society. Tensions rose, however, in connection with presidential elections held on February 24, 2019, as top opposition contenders were disqualified from running. Local activist groups also came under increased state regulatory pressure. President Macky Sall was ultimately reelected with 58% of the vote, averting a runoff; opposition candidates stated that they rejected the results but declined to challenge them in court. Sall's first term lasted seven years, but a 2016 constitutional referendum shortened the term to five. Poverty remains widespread despite recent growth, and Senegal has been a disproportionate source of illicit (and often dangerous) migration to Europe. A separatist conflict in the southern Casamance region has also impeded local development, but violence has dropped in recent years."
CRS In Focus, IF10164
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/