Chairman Xi Remakes the PLA: Assessing Chinese Military Reforms   [open pdf - 6MB]

From the Document, "Xi's ambition to reshape and modernize the People's Liberation Army (PLA) has been apparent from his early days as CCP [Chinese Communist Party] general secretary and Central Military Commission (CMC) chairman. [...] The implications of the Xi-era reforms for China's neighbors and potential adversaries are significant. A better trained, organized, and equipped PLA will be in a stronger position to accomplish its three primary functions: winning modern wars, especially what the U.S. Department of Defense terms 'short-duration, high-intensity regional conflicts'; deterring both larger and smaller competitors; and protecting Chinese interests within and beyond Asia. Rival territorial claimants, such as Vietnam, the Philippines, Japan, and India, will face a more confident and capable adversary in the South and East China seas and across the Sino-Indian border. Taiwan will have to contend with a PLA that can more credibly plan and execute joint operations, such as amphibious landings, blockades, and joint firepower strikes. U.S. forces operating throughout the Indo-Pacific region will need to anticipate a PLA that can respond more quickly to regional crises and conduct counter-intervention operations more effectively. [...] This volume explores these and other dimensions of China's military reforms as they were planned and implemented between 2013 and 2018."

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