Foot-And-Mouth Disease: USDA's Efforts to Prepare for a Potential Outbreak Could Be Strengthened, Report to Congressional Requesters [open pdf - 3MB]
From the Document, "FMD [Foot-and-Mouth disease] is a highly contagious viral disease that causes painful lesions on the hooves and mouths of some livestock, making it difficult for them to stand or eat, thus greatly reducing meat and milk production. The United States has not had an FMD outbreak since 1929, but FMD is present in much of the world. An FMD outbreak in the United States could have serious economic impacts, in part because trade partners would likely halt all imports of U.S. livestock and livestock products until the disease was eradicated. These imports were valued at more than $19 billion in 2017. GAO [Government Accountability Office] was asked to review USDA's efforts to prepare for an FMD outbreak. This report examines (1) USDA's planned approach for responding to an FMD outbreak; (2) challenges USDA would face in pursuing its response goals; and (3) how USDA identifies, prioritizes, and monitors corrective actions to mitigate the challenges."
Government Accountability Office: http://www.gao.gov/