Pipeline Security: Homeland Security Issues in the 116th Congress [March 1, 2019] [open pdf - 562KB]
"Ongoing threats against the nation's natural gas, oil, and refined product pipelines have heightened concerns about the security risks to these pipelines, their linkage to the electric power sector, and federal programs to protect them. In a December 2018 study, the Government Accountability Office (GAO) stated that, since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, 'new threats to the nation's pipeline systems have evolved to include sabotage by environmental activists and cyber attack or intrusion by nations.' In a 2018 'Federal Register' notice, the Transportation Security Administration stated that it expects pipeline companies will report approximately 32 'security incidents' annually--both physical and cyber. The Pipeline and LNG [Liquefied Natural Gas] Facility Cybersecurity Preparedness Act (H.R. 370, S. 300) would require the Secretary of Energy to enhance coordination among government agencies and the energy sector in pipeline security; coordinate incident response and recovery; support the development of pipeline cybersecurity applications, technologies, demonstration projects, and training curricula; and provide technical tools for pipeline security."
CRS Insight, IN11060
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/