"Algeria's political system, characterized by a strong presidency and security apparatus, has remained stable amid regional upheaval. Internal security has also improved since a decade-long Islamist insurgency and civil conflict in the 1990s. State decisionmaking is often opaque, however, and the country faces an uncertain political transition as members of the 'revolutionary generation' that fought for independence from France retire or pass away. President Abdelaziz Bouteflika (81) is in ill health and rarely appears in public. Frequent labor strikes and street protests are often framed around socioeconomic grievances, but in February 2019, large protests against Bouteflika's bid for a fifth term in office also seemed to convey widespread desire for new leadership among the country's youthful population. Decreased revenues from Algeria's oil and gas exports have arguably constrained the government's options for responding to such unrest."
CRS In Focus, IF11116
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/