"Trespassing on railroad property is the leading cause of all rail-related deaths in the United States. More people are struck and killed by trains each year while trespassing - illegally entering or remaining on a railroad right-of-way - than in motor vehicle collisions with trains at highway-rail grade crossings. Between 2012 and 2017, the annual number of trespass-related pedestrian fatalities increased 18 percent, from 725 people killed in 2012 to 855 in 2017. In calendar year 2018, 324 pedestrian trespass fatalities had occurred by July 31, 2018. Data indicates that the number of trespassing occurrences each year far exceeds the number of fatalities and injuries. This raises serious concern of the potential for even more trespasser accidents. In its report on the fiscal year (FY) 2018 Department of Transportation appropriation, the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Appropriations requested the Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) study and identify the causal factors that lead to trespassing incidents on railroad property. The Committee also asked FRA to develop a national strategy to prevent trespasser incidents and submit it to the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations by August 1, 2018. This document responds to the Committee's request."
Federal Railroad Administration: https://www.fra.dot.gov/