"This publication is the first in a planned series, Public Issues in Earth Science, published by the U.S. Geological Survey. Its purpose is to describe the importance of the earth sciences in an issue vital to our society: the deterioration of our ocean and Great Lakes shorelines and wetlands. The personal effect of this crisis on people living in coastal regions is enormoushomes are destroyed, savings lost. The effect on coastal communities and recreation and fishing industries is devastating-businesses are destroyed, resources and jobs lost. The long-term repercussions on Federal, State, and local agencies and the insurance industry can be huge. According to the 1990 census, the most dramatic population growth over the past decade occurred in the coastal States; continuation of this trend will increase the stress on our coastal environments. [...] The earth sciences provide information critical to understanding and resolving this crisis. Through cooperative investigations, the earth-science community can contribute to a better understanding of coasts, their dynamic processes, and their responses to human intervention."
U.S. Geological Survey Circular 1075
United States Geological Survey: https://pubs.usgs.gov/