Women in National Governments Around the Globe: Fact Sheet [Updated January 31, 2019] [open pdf - 1MB]
"Women and girls make up half of the world's population; however, in most countries, women are underrepresented in the political process at the national level. As this report shows, women currently hold 23.4% of legislative seats around the world, an increase from 11.8% of legislative seats in 1998 (see Figure 1). As of November 1, 2018, women held 50% or more of the legislative seats in three countries: Rwanda, Cuba, and Bolivia (see Table 3). At the executive level, 23 countries currently have an elected female head of state or government. Since 1960, about 110 women have been elected or appointed as head of the national government in approximately 70 countries. [...] This report provides a global snapshot of women's political participation worldwide by compiling statistics and other information from a variety of sources, including 'The Global Gender Gap Report 2018' issued by the World Economic Forum, the Inter-Parliamentary Union, the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, the 'CIA World Factbook', news reports, and other sources."
CRS Report for Congress, R45483
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/