China's Missile Program and U.S. Withdrawal from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty   [open pdf - 503KB]

"On February 2, 2019, the United States suspended its obligations under the INF [Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces] Treaty that it entered into with the Soviet Union in 1987 and began the technical process of treaty withdrawal. The INF Treaty requires destruction of ground-launched ballistic and cruise missiles with ranges of between 500 and 5,500 kilometers (km) (310 and 3,410 miles), their launchers, and associated support structures and equipment. China is not a party to the treaty, and has consistently refused to accede to the accord. In the meantime, over the last two decades Beijing has built up a formidable missile arsenal outside the limits of the pact. In explaining its justification for withdrawing from the INF Treaty, the Trump Administration has cited both Chinese missile capabilities and Russian violations of the agreement. [...] This brief explains the importance of China's ground-launched missile capabilities to Beijing's overall military strategy; surveys Chinese reactions to U.S. withdrawal from the INF Treaty; and assesses both the positive and negative implications of treaty withdrawal for the military balance in Asia, global arms control regime, U.S. relations with Asian allies, and China-Russia ties."

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U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission: https://www.uscc.gov/
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