This edition of the MES Insights published by the Middle East Studies (MES) program of the Marine Corps University contains the following article: 'Israel's Cognitive War' by Shlomo Brom: "In the case of Israel, the common engagement in violent conflicts is no longer with other states, but rather with non-state or hybrid actors in an asymmetrical war. The objective of such military encounters is not to achieve a classical military victory that will cause the surrender of the enemy or encourage the enemy to adopt a peaceful settlement that will annul the causes of the conflict. [...] Instead, they pursue their political goals through terror and guerilla warfare that target civilians with the purpose of using the people directly or indirectly to influence Israel's policy makers. [...] Both sides in these conflicts are interested in shaping the perceptions not only of their adversaries but also of those in their domestic and regional environments and beyond, acknowledging that these perceptions will affect the attitudes of the different societies, policy makers, and political groups in these environments. At the end of an encounter, the general perception of which side was victorious and which was defeated is sometimes more important than the actual military results of the campaign."
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MES Insights (February 2018), v.9, no.1