Mao's 'Cultural Revolution': Its Leadership, Its Strategy, Its Instruments, and Its Casualties [open pdf - 14MB]
"This is a working paper of the DD/I [Deputy Director/Intelligence] Research Staff. It offers a fairly detailed narrative account of Mao Tse-tung's 'cultural revolution' as it has developed since September 1965, a summary of that account, and some speculation on prospects. This study presents what has been and remains in most respects a minority view, the view of one 'school.' It finds the evidence persuasive for the propositions that (a) Mao has taken the initiative at each stage, (b) he has been conducting a massive 'test' of party leaders and the party apparatus, (c) changes in the leadership have represented primarily a purge directed by Mao, and only secondarily a 'power struggle,' (d) the entire effort has developed coherently, given its irrational base in dogma, and (e) Mao is now carrying out methodically and in general successfully a scheme for the reorganization of the party which he outlined last autumn."
U.S. Government Publishing Office: http://www.gpo.gov/