Terrorism and Instability in Sub-Saharan Africa, Hearing Before the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, Second Session, May 10, 2016   [open pdf - 417KB]

This is the May 10, 2016 hearing on "Terrorism and Instability in Sub-Saharan Africa," held before the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. From the opening statement of Bob Corker: "Long-term development has been the norm across much of Africa, including here in our committee with the recent signing of the Power Africa legislation, which we are all very proud of and appreciate the way the administration has led on that effort also, that we hope will bring investment to a key sector for economic growth and opportunity. Whereas in the Middle East we have been reacting to abhorrent state and terrorist violence and the uprooting of millions of people, in Africa we have had the opportunity of years of influence through diplomacy and development and partnerships to improve outcomes. However, violent extremism is not a new phenomenon in Africa. Three sub-regions have exploded with terrorist elements, some decades old. Al Shabaab and its predecessors have long troubled Somalia and its neighbors in east Africa, including through Al Qaeda attacks on American embassies in 1998. Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb has evolved since 9/11 into a vicious regional threat across the Sahel and beyond, and they have fought the Algerian Government since 1991 in one form or another. Boko Haram, which has declared allegiance to ISIS [Islamic State of Iraq and Syria], will stop at nothing to carry out its grotesque attacks against civilians and communities across Nigeria and the Lake Chad Basin." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Linda Thomas-Greenfield and Justin Siberell, Linda Etim, Abdoulaye Mar Dieye, and Christopher Fomunyoh.

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