"El Salvador continues to face serious governance, security, and economic issues, many of which are interrelated. Deep scars and political polarization remain evident in El Salvador today from a war that resulted in significant human rights violations, more than 70,000 deaths, and massive emigration to the United States. Tension between the FMLN [Farabundo Marti Liberation Front] government and the ARENA [National Republican Alliance] - dominated legislature has hindered efforts to address fiscal and security challenges. Insecurity and poverty have fueled unauthorized emigration. With both the FMLN and ARENA tarnished by revelations of corruption by former presidents, the leading candidate in the February 3, 2019, presidential contest is Nayib Bukele, a 37-year-old who left the FMLN and is running for the Grand Alliance for National Unity (GANA) party (see 'February 2018 Presidential Election'). This report examines political, economic, security, and human rights conditions in El Salvador. It then analyzes selected issues in U.S. - Salvadoran relations that have been of particular interest to Congress, including foreign assistance, migration, security cooperation in addressing gangs and counter narcotics issues, human rights, and trade."
CRS Report for Congress, R43616
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/