"FEMA strives to compete its procurements whenever possible and practical, including making use of advance contracting for reoccurring disaster-related requirements. There are, however, times when the Agency must use different contracting methods to provide a seamless response and foster a timely recovery. These instances that reduce risk and expedite delivery of services include: missions to safeguard disaster survivors quickly; assisting state, local, territorial, and tribal governments; and protecting property from imminent danger. The FY 2007 DHS Appropriations Act (P.L. 109-295) requires the Administrator of FEMA to provide a quarterly report on all contracts issued during any disaster, which shall include a detailed justification for any contract entered into by means other than competitive procedures. To fulfill this requirement, FEMA gathered data from its contract writing system of record, the Procurement Information System for Management (PRISM). To ensure the integrity of the data, information also was gathered from the Federal Procurement Data System - Next Generation (FPDS-NG) for the first quarter of FY 2017. The PRISM fund source data have a greater level of detail than the data provided by FPDS-NG. FEMA relies on the PRISM data to calculate the disaster-related contract action statistics. FEMA uses FPDS-NG data in conjunction with and to validate PRISM-based data and calculations. The data tables herein contain both PRISM and FPDS-NG data."
U.S. Department of Homeland Security: http://www.dhs.gov/