United States Health Security National Action Plan: Strengthening Implementation of the International Health Regulations Based on the 2016 Joint External Evaluation [open pdf - 2MB]
"The International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR), overseen by the World Health Organization (WHO), seek 'to prevent, protect against, control, and provide a public health response to the international spread of disease in ways that are commensurate with and restricted to public health risks, and which avoid unnecessary interference with international traffic and trade.' The IHR reflect countries' commitment to building national capacities required to rapidly identify threats to human health and undertake quick action to prevent a public health event from becoming a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC). In late 2015, WHO adopted the Joint External Evaluation (JEE) as a voluntary mechanism to evaluate IHR implementation through a multisectoral approach.2 Based on the evaluation methodology developed for the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA), the JEE is a voluntary, peer-to-peer, collaborative process that combines GHSA infectious disease targets with the all-hazards approach to public health preparedness and response required for implementation of IHR. The JEE Tool consists of four thematic areas: Prevent, Detect, Respond, and Other IHR-Related Hazards and Points of Entry, which cover 19 technical areas with specific targets and performance indicators. The JEE of the United States, conducted in May 2016, identified strengths and gaps in U.S. capacities to prevent, detect, and respond to public health emergencies. Following the 2016 JEE, an interagency, multisectoral IHR Working Group developed the 'United States Health Security Action Plan: Strengthening Implementation of the International Health Regulations based on the 2016 Joint External Evaluation'. 1 WHO. International Health Regulations, 3rd edition. See WHO. Partnership Portal: IHR Monitoring and Evaluation Framework. On behalf of the U.S. government, the Department of Health and Human Services' Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR), which maintains the U.S. National Focal Point (NFP) for the IHR, led the development of the National Action Plan in collaboration with over 40 federal departments and agencies with a role in human, animal, plant, and environmental health across the 19 technical areas. ASPR continues to work with these federal partners to coordinate the plan's implementation until the next JEE of the United States in 2021."
U. S. Department of Health and Human Services. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response: https://www.phe.gov/