SBA Veterans Assistance Programs: An Analysis of Contemporary Issues [October 10, 2018] [open pdf - 1MB]
"Several federal agencies, including the Small Business Administration (SBA), provide training and other assistance to veterans seeking civilian employment. For example, the Department of Defense(DOD), in cooperation with the SBA, Department of Labor, Department of Veterans Affairs, and several other federal agencies, operates the Transition Goals Plans Success program (Transition GPS),which provides employment information and entrepreneurship training to exiting military service members to assist them in transitioning from the military to the civilian labor force.In recent years, the unemployment rate among veterans as a whole has generally been similar to or lower than the unemployment rate for nonveterans 18 years and older. However, veterans who have left the military since September 2001 have experienced higher unemployment than other veterans and, in some years, higher unemployment than nonveterans. As a result, Congress has focused much of its attention on finding ways to assist veterans who have left the military since September 2001."
CRS Report for Congress, R42695
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/