U.S. - China Relations [September 18, 2018]   [open pdf - 318KB]

"Many consider the relationship between the United States and the People's Republic of China (PRC or China) to be the world's most consequential bilateral relationship. The two countries lead the world in the size of their economies, their defense budgets, and their global greenhouse gas emissions. In 2017, they were each other's largest trading partners. Both nations are also permanent members of the United Nations Security Council. The Trump Administration has sought China's cooperation in reining in North Korea's nuclear and missile programs and curbing the flow of the deadly synthetic opioid fentanyl from China to the United States. Yet the Administration has also declared in its National Security Strategy (NSS) the return of 'great power competition' with China and Russia. The Administration has criticized the PRC's licit and illicit efforts to acquire advanced U.S. technology, its alleged efforts to 'lock[] countries into unsustainable and opaque debts and commitments' under Chinese President Xi Jinping's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), its actions related to Taiwan, its activities in the South China Sea, and its repression of Muslim minorities in Xinjiang in China's northwest. Seeking changes in PRC economic policies, the United States has imposed tariffs on imports from China, to which China has responded with tariffs of its own."

Report Number:
CRS In Focus, IF10119
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Congressional Research Service: https://crsreports.congress.gov/
Media Type:
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