Countering Extremism: An Understanding of the Problem, the Process and Some Solutions [open pdf - 1MB]
From the thesis abstract: "This thesis proposes a framework for analyzing an individual's path to violent extremism. The CITIG [crisis, identity, ties, indoctrination, and grievances] framework (crisis, identity, ties, indoctrination, and grievances) offers a four-stage process of radicalization that begins with a personal crisis (Stage One), the construction of a new identity (Stage Two), activism (Stage Three), and the preparation and execution of a criminal or violent attack (Stage Four). This thesis begins by offering working definitions of key terms, and then uses the proposed CITIG framework along with the Violent Extremist Risk Assessment instrument to analyze four U.S.-based case studies: two examples of Islamic-inspired violent extremism, one case of white-supremacist violence, and one of eco-extremism. These cases further refine the proposed framework and reveal a three-pillar approach for countering extremism: prevention, intervention and interdiction."
Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC): http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/