"In accordance with its charter, the Study focused on regional conflicts that remain below the threshold of full-scale warfare, called constrained military operations. This study is unique in not only describing the character and implications of so called gray zone conflicts but also offering a comprehensive agenda of actionable recommendations for the U.S. to address such conflicts. The good news is that The DoD can prevail with inexpensive capabilities that have low technology risk and on a short timeline. The Study analyzed planning and assessment processes; information, intelligence, and cyber capabilities; physical capabilities; and interagency capabilities where The DoD provides a supporting role. While the Study reviewed technologies, capabilities, operating concepts, and processes to provide responses to constrained military operations, they also reviewed the need for a strategic framework to provide guidance for any future actions. The Study took a three-pronged approach to countering potential adversaries' strategies for waging long-term campaigns for constrained military operations and Gray Zone conflicts:  Create a long-term strategic framework and threat-oriented campaigns.  Exploit the new and evolving information landscape. Continue to add to the available set of tools applicable to operations addressing less than full-scale conventional warfare."
Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC): http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/