"Medical triage in mass casualty or trauma events is an area where decision-making is vital for achieving positive outcomes. It is necessary that first responders and medical personnel are thoroughly trained and prepared for action; however, there are few opportunities to obtain the training and experience necessary for optimal performance in mass casualty emergency situations. Considering homeland defense needs, there is a large number of personnel that require training. Two simulation training platforms can be applied to triage training and assessment: manikin training and virtual reality (VR) scenarios. Manikin training provides realistic hands-on training, which is particularly geared for students without experience, or for those demonstrating competency for certification. Since VR systems have less hands-on capability, they work well for initial training as a lead into manikin training, or as refresher training for cognitive triage skills. Phase I of this proposal is to determine the effect of manikin training in acquiring triage skills and self-efficacy. Phase II includes the development of the VR training scenarios, which includes iterative usability testing."
Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC): http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/