"On May 8, 2018, health officials from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) that two Ebola cases had been detected in the Equateur province, a rural area in the northwestern portion of the country. The disease has since spread to Mbandaka, a city that holds 1.2 million people and serves as a regional trade hub. As of June 10, 2018, WHO reported a total of 55 cases, including 28 deaths. Of these cases, 69% were confirmed through diagnostics. WHO asserts that 14 of these cases were probably Ebola, but could not collect laboratory specimens before the burial. This is the ninth Ebola outbreak in DRC since the disease was discovered in 1976, when an outbreak infected 318 people and killed 280 (Figure 1). WHO considers the public health risk of transmission to be very high at the national level due to the serious nature of the disease, insufficient epidemiological capacity, and delayed detection of the first case. At the global level, however, the risk is considered low. The outbreak appears to have been contained in the most populous areas and active transmission appears to be occurring only in rural areas."
CRS Insight, IN10917