Drinking Water and Wastewater Infrastructure: Opportunities Exist to Enhance Federal Agency Needs Assessment and Coordination on Tribal Projects, Report to Congressional Requesters   [open pdf - 9MB]

"Tens of thousands of American Indians and Alaska Natives do not have safe drinking water or wastewater disposal in their home--referred to as needs arising from a sanitation deficiency--at a higher percentage than the general population, according to IHS [Indian Health Services]. Among other things, IHS assesses homes, either individually or by reviewing public water systems, to determine any deficiencies. Seven agencies, including IHS, EPA, and USDA, have programs that provide drinking water and wastewater infrastructure assistance to Indian tribes. GAO [Government Accountability Office] was asked to review federal efforts to provide water infrastructure assistance to Indian tribes. This report examines, among other objectives, the extent to which selected federal agencies (1) identified tribes' drinking water and wastewater infrastructure needs and (2) funded tribal water infrastructure projects, including tribes' most severe sanitation deficiencies. GAO reviewed agency data on tribal needs, analyzed agency funding data for tribal water infrastructure projects, reviewed agency policy documents, and interviewed agency officials and officials from 22 tribes representing different geographic locations."

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Government Accountability Office: http://www.gao.gov/
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