Organic Peroxide Decomposition, Release, and Fire at Arkema Crosby Following Hurricane Harvey Flooding [open pdf - 6MB]
"On August 24, 2017, Hurricane Harvey, a Category 4 hurricane, made landfall in southeast Texas. Over the next several days, the storm produced unprecedented amounts of rainfall over southeast Texas and southwest Louisiana, causing significant flooding. Hurricane Harvey turned out to be the most significant tropical cyclone rainfall event and the second most costly hurricane in U.S. history, after Hurricane Katrina. Over the course of the storm, Hurricane Harvey killed 68 people and flooded over 300,000 structures, forcing roughly 40,000 people to evacuate their homes. Hurricane Harvey required a large emergency response effort supported by local, state, and Federal officials. The Arkema Crosby facility is located within the 100-year and 500-year flood plain.a Extensive flooding caused by heavy rainfall from Hurricane Harvey exceeded the equipment design elevations and caused the plant to lose power, backup power, and critical organic peroxide refrigeration systems. Consequently, Arkema used its standby refrigerated trailers to keep the organic peroxide products cool. This flooding also eventually forced all Arkema's employees to evacuate from the facility. A Unified Command established a 1.5-mile evacuation zone around the Arkema facility and helped transport residents out of this zone for their safety."
United States. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board: http://www.csb.gov/