Force Structure Matters: The US Field Artillery in Operational Art   [open pdf - 242KB]

"In 2014, the US Forces Command (FORSCOM) implemented the activation of the division artillery (DIVARTY) and field artillery (FA) brigade force structure. This monograph analyzes the effectiveness of the US Field Artillery force structure and the ability to meet the required capabilities that enable commanders to exercise operational art. First, the monograph evaluates the fires capability requirements outlined in the US Army capstone concepts and assesses the effectiveness of the surface-to -surface indirect fire systems available in achieving the requirements. Then the monograph assesses how the field artillery enables operational art and Unified Land Operations (ULO) through the evaluation of specific elements of operational art and tenets of ULO. The monograph then analyzes two case studies, Operation Desert Storm and Operation Anaconda, to highlight the utility of artillery in operational art while also addressing limitations and planning considerations. The monograph concludes with an analysis of the US Field Artillery force structure in achieving the fires capability requirements. The change in the FA force structure is a step in the right direction for re-establishing the essential conduit for the integration and synchronization of fires assets, but the DIVARTYs lack the organic artillery systems necessary to provide operational fires and effectively shape the operational environment for the division. The monograph recommends providing an organic rocket FA battery to each DIVARTY and establishing composite FA battalions throughout the US Army. The recommendations enhance a commander's ability to exercise operational art, provide greater flexibility in the employment of fires, and increase the firepower of the unit."

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Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC): http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/
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