"On September 5, 2017, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued a memorandum announcing its decision to rescind the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals initiative (DACA), which the Obama Administration implemented in 2012 to provide temporary relief from removal and work authorization, among other benefits, to certain unlawfully present aliens who arrived in the United States as children. As justification for the rescission, DHS relied upon a letter from Attorney General Sessions concluding that DACA was illegal--specifically, that it lacked 'proper statutory authority,' was 'an unconstitutional exercise of authority by the Executive Branch,' and would likely be enjoined in 'potentially imminent litigation.' Litigation has ensued at cross purposes. DACA recipients and other parties, including states and universities, filed lawsuits in four federal district courts challenging the rescission as unlawful. Two of those district courts have issued nationwide preliminary injunctions that currently require DHS to continue processing applications for DACA relief from individuals who have obtained DACA relief in the past (renewal applicants), but not applications from individuals who would be first-time DACA enrollees. The order of a third district court--which will go into effect on July 23, 2018, unless DHS provides new reasoning that adequately justifies the rescission in the court's view--would require DHS to process both first-time and renewal applications for DACA relief. After these district court decisions, Texas and six other states filed a separate lawsuit seeking to bar DHS from continuing to grant DACA relief."
CRS Legal Sidebar, LSB10136
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html