S. Hrg. 114-723: Pakistan: Challenges for U.S. Interests, Hearing Before the Committee on Foreign Relations, United States Senate, One Hundred Fourteenth Congress, Second Session, September 8, 2016   [open pdf - 255KB]

This is the September 8, 2016 hearing on "Pakistan: Challenges for U.S. Interests" held before the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. From the prepared statement of Toby Dalton: "In my remarks today I will try to provide a clear-eyed assessment of the challenges to U.S. policy posed specifically by developments in Pakistan's nuclear weapons program and what they mean for U.S. interests in South Asia. Though obvious, it is worth underscoring the point that Pakistan's nuclear weapons program does not exist in a vacuum. Nuclear weapons are central to Pakistan's security-seeking behavior in a region it considers to be enduringly hostile. From Pakistan's perspective, the trend lines are quite negative. India's economic growth, blooming strategic relationship with the United States, and development of nuclear and advanced conventional military capabilities and doctrines have been and will remain drivers of Pakistan's nuclear build-up. Experts are therefore understandably concerned that the 70-year security competition between India and Pakistan is becoming a nuclear arms race, albeit one in which the antagonists--unlike the United States and Soviet Union during the Cold War--have fought four hot wars, still regularly exchange fire over contested territory, and quite possibly sponsor the activities of non-state actors who project violence across their shared border. Considering what we now know of the close calls experienced by U.S. and Soviet nuclear forces during the Cold War, the nuclear situation in South Asia is cause for concern." Statements, letters, and materials submitted for the record include those of the following: Toby Dalton, Daniel Markey, and Robert Grenier.

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S. Hrg. 114-723; Senate Hearing 114-723
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