School Safety Policies and Programs Administered by the U.S. Federal Government: 1990-2016 [open pdf - 2MB]
"The rise of school safety programs and policies administered by federal agencies can be traced to the early 1970s, a period in which youth crime and drug use became focal points in the public and congressional debates about criminal justice policy. The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 (JJDPA), for example, the national youth violence prevention law administered by the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), authorized programs to address these issues in schools. Two congressionally mandated reports (released in 1975 and 1978, respectively) found that school violence and disciplinary problems--including the use of drugs and alcohol and weapons carrying--were on the rise across the nation's school systems. The studies recommended further legislative action to stem the rising trends in school violence, vandalism, and disruptive behavior. [...] The following chapters discuss in greater detail the federal school safety programs, policies, research, and technical assistance resources for K-12 public schools--including public charter schools--administered by ED [U.S. Department of Education], the DOJ, and HHS [Department of Health and Human Services] since the early 1990s. Major interagency collaborations on school safety are described separately. For each program, the legislative background and the intent of the program's congressional and executive branch architects are discussed. A brief implementation history of the program, including official statistics on the appropriations and grant awards since its inception, is also provided."
National Criminal Justice Reference Service: https://www.ncjrs.gov/