So, Now Can Menachem Zivotofsky Get His Passport Reissued to Say 'Israel'? [March 1. 2018]   [open pdf - 409KB]

"Menachem Zivotofsky, a U.S. citizen born in Jerusalem in 2002, was sufficiently interested in having his passport list Israel as his birth place that he asked the Supreme Court - twice, and was denied- for assistance in compelling the State Department to comply with a law that said it had to list Israel upon request. Notwithstanding that law (section 214(d) of the Foreign Relations Authorization Act for FY2003), State Department policy under President George W. Bush continued to follow the longstanding practice of directing consular officers to list 'Jerusalem' as the place of birth in such cases on consular reports of birth and passports. The purpose of this policy was to avoid the perception of contradicting the President's recognition policy that conspicuously refrained from acknowledging any foreign government's sovereign control over Jerusalem. In addition, the city's status is a longstanding point of contention in the enduring dispute between Israel and the Palestinians. For more information, see CRS Report RL33476, Israel: Background and U.S. Relations, by Jim Zanotti."

Report Number:
CRS Legal Sidebar, LSB10088
Public Domain
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