"Containerized cargo is the single largest security vulnerability in maritime shipping. Recent consolidation in the maritime shipping industry, along with freefalling shipping rates and increased vessel sizes, combine to cause concern for the future of containerized shipping security. Maintaining security in the maritime shipping industry is critical. Programs including the Container Security Initiative (CSI) and Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT) apply risk-based approaches. However, with fewer market players after industry consolidation, it is time for regulators to review the success of current programs and search for new initiatives. New partnerships and outreach may use current efforts as a framework to respond in a dynamic environment to improve the industry's overall security. This essay investigates the way ahead, while proposing solutions. Changes to C-TPAT and CSI may be necessary to maintain a secure Maritime Transportation Security (MTS)."
2018 by the author(s). Posted here with permission. Documents are for personal use only and not for commercial profit. See document for full rights information.
Homeland Security Affairs Journal: http://www.hsaj.org/
Homeland Security Affairs (January 2018), v.14, article 2