"In late 1979, agents of the Soviet Union spread a false rumor that the United States was responsible for the seizure of the Grand Mosque of Mecca. In 1980, a French journalist was convicted by a French court of law for acting as a Soviet agent of influence since 1959. In August 1981, the Soviet news agency TASS alleged that the United States was behind the death of Panamanian leader Omar Torrijos. These are three examples of a stream of Soviet 'active measures' that seek to discredit and weaken the United States and other nations. The Soviets use the bland term 'active measures' ('aktivnyye meropriyatiya') to refer to operations intended to affect other nations' policies, as distinct from espionage and counterintelligence."
Special Report No. 88