Five-Year Program for Federal Offshore Oil and Gas Leasing: Status and Issues in Brief [December 20, 2017] [open pdf - 839KB]
"Under the Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (OCSLA), as amended, the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) must prepare and maintain forward-looking five-year plans--referred to by BOEM as five-year programs--for proposed public oil and gas lease sales on the U.S. outer continental shelf (OCS). [...] On April 28, 2017, President Trump issued an executive order directing the Secretary of the Interior to review and consider revising the 2017-2022 program. BOEM has begun work on a new program to cover the 2019-2024 period and replace the final three years of the Obama Administration program. [...] The leasing decisions in BOEM's five-year programs may affect the economy and environment of individual coastal states and of the nation as a whole. Accordingly, Congress typically has been actively involved in planning and oversight of the five-year programs. [...] The 115th Congress could influence the five-year program (either the 2017-2022 program currently in force or the new program under development) by enacting legislation with requirements for the program, as well as by conducting oversight. [...] The options for the Administration to alter a finalized five-year program are more constrained than those of Congress. The Secretary of the Interior's review of the 2017-2022 leasing program under President Trump's executive order must adhere to the program development process required by the OCSLA, which includes requirements for analysis, public input, and environmental review under the National Environmental Policy Act."
CRS Report for Congress, R44692