"On 15 September 1987, the National Security Advisor to the President made development of a mobilization doctrine and system based on graduated response to early warning one of the seven priority National Security Emergency Preparedness (NSEP) goals to be achieved by 1989. In the classic construct, mobilization is the act of preparing for war or other emergency through assembling and organizing national resources. It is the process of marshalling industrial, economic, intrastructure, human, and government resources needed to support responses to national security threats and domestic crises Y-e, the U.S. and other democratic nations cannot afford to maintain full preparedness for every contingency conceivable. The purpose of Graduated Mobilization Response (GMR) is to provide the National Command Authorities a range of political, economic, and military options that will assist in the management of a national security crisis. These options are designed with two goals in mind: first, to improve deterrence and avoid war; and second, to prepare for war should it come."
Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC): http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/