Assessment of Damage to Manufactured Homes Caused by Hurricane Charley   [open pdf - 9MB]

"On Friday, August 13, 2004, the Southwestern Gulf Coast of Florida was struck by Hurricane Charley, with a maximum over-land wind speed of approximately 110 mph (sustained) and less in highly developed areas of Punta Gorda, Port Charlotte, and surrounding communities. Correspondingly, maximum gust wind speeds are estimated to be 130 mph or less in open overland exposure; an anemometer measurement from the Punta Gorda Airport registered a wind gust of 111 mph, but failed prior to complete passage of the event (NOAA [National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration], August 16, 2004). For the region defined by the representative sample of manufactured homes investigated in this study, typical wind speeds are estimated to be in the range of 90 to 110 mph (sustained) at 33 feet from the ground. [...] The affected region and communities have a relatively large population of manufactured housing units that serve affordable housing needs ranging from newer upscale owner occupied communities to older rental-based manufactured housing parks. Because of the importance of manufactured housing, and for other reasons related to its safe regulation in hurricane-prone regions of the United States, the Office of Manufactured Housing Programs of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) commissioned this study to assess the damage to manufactured homes. [...] This report is organized to first provide background information regarding hurricanes, wind, and manufactured housing regulations. The background section is intended to provide a proper context and a level of understanding necessary to best interpret the findings of this study. The background information is followed by a section devoted to characterizing Hurricane Charley and the estimated wind loads experienced by the sampled manufactured homes of this study."

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U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development: https://www.huduser.gov
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