Study of Household Transition from the Disaster Housing Assistance Program (DHAP-Katrina): Final Report [open pdf - 3MB]
"This study reports on what happened to a sample of approximately 36,000 households that participated in the Disaster Housing Assistance Program (DHAP-Katrina) in terms of housing and other outcomes almost two years after DHAP-Katrina ended. Instituted through an interagency agreement between the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), DHAP-Katrina was designed as a time-limited, declining rental subsidy program with a case management requirement. [...] Some of the study's key findings are that DHAP-Katrina provided much-needed housing assistance for a vulnerable population, but for more than half of DHAP-Katrina participants there was still no permanent housing solution without the use of HUD's Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) program for continued housing assistance four years after the hurricanes. Although a majority of households were satisfied with DHAP-Katrina and felt that the program helped them get back on their feet, study findings show that a sizeable number that did not (or could not) transition to the HCV program were at risk of housing instability almost two years after DHAP-Katrina ended based on an assessment of income, employment status, and financial security. Participants reported that case management services were helpful, but referrals focused on housing search assistance rather than self-sufficiency. Without a control or comparison group, it is not possible to know how these or similar households would have fared without DHAP-Katrina, nor is it possible to determine the role of household characteristics versus program interventions and economic or other conditions that could have influenced outcomes. Implications for long-term major disaster planning are twofold: (1) some short-term or emergency disaster recipients will need longer-term or even permanent housing assistance after the disaster assistance has ended and (2) post-disaster case management or service connection should include job skills development, stable income from employment, and increased access to cash benefits to facilitate long-term housing stability and self-sufficiency."
United States. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development: http://www.hud.gov/