Study of Standby Water Fees/User Fees for Fire Sprinkler System Connections to Water Mains [open pdf - 276KB]
"Standby water fees/user fees for fire sprinkler system connections to water mains, levied by water utility agencies, were being challenged as excessive and unwarranted by fire protection organizations. Most water utility agencies claimed a right to charge standby water fees/user fees and believed they were reasonable and justified. The purpose of the research was to identify and evaluate the issues on both sides of the debate and to formulate recommendations. Historical and descriptive research methodology was use to answer these questions: 1. Which states have proposed or enacted legislation or rules regulating standby water fees/user fees? 2. What is a reasonable standby water fee/user fee? 3. What services do water utility agencies provide to justify their standby water fees/user fees? 4. What alternatives are available to water utility agencies that depend on the revenue generated by standby water fees/user fees?"
National Fire Academy: https://nfa.usfa.fema.gov/