Fire Service Planning in Montgomery County to Manage the Consequences of Terrorism Involving Chemical Warfare Agents   [open pdf - 491KB]

"The problem identified for this applied research project was that Montgomery County's fire service had not been evaluated to determine its capability to manage the life-threatening consequences of terrorism involving a chemical warfare agent (CWA). It was the purpose of this project to evaluate the state of preparedness of the County's fire service and also to identify and recommend measures to improve the fire services's capability. The historical research method was used for data collection and analysis. The procedures used to collect specific data included literature review and a 35-item survey. References were obtained from the National Fire Academy's Learning Resource Center and from attendance at meetings, conferences, and training seminars (programs). Five research questions were identified: How prepared was Montgomery County's fire service to manage the life-threatening consequences of terrorism involving chemical warfare agents (CWAs)? How did Montgomery County's fire service state of readiness compare with similar fire departments in the United States? What lessons were learned by fire departments that had conducted CWA-related training exercises? What were the views of fire departments on the future threat of terrorism in the United States? What methods were found to remove or neutralize a liquid contamination caused by a CWA contacting the clothes, skin, or both of a victim? The author constructed a 35-item survey that was used to gather information from 94 fire departments that served populations of more than 200,000 people. Forty-nine of these fire departments completed and returned surveys. Although several limitations were identified with the survey, interesting and useful information was obtained."

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National Fire Academy: https://nfa.usfa.fema.gov/
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