It's in the Numbers: Collecting Injury and Near-Miss Data Can Improve Safety in the Dallas Fire Rescue Department [open pdf - 3MB]
"Every year in the United States, over 80,000 firefighters are injured and close to 100 die, despite countless improvements in firefighter safety and health. Researchers contend that a better understanding of how and why these casualties occur is the first step toward reducing the losses suffered annually by the U.S. fire service. The problem was that the Dallas Fire Rescue (DFR) Department does not collect injury or near-miss data for analysis or reporting and therefore cannot identify corrective actions to reduce firefighter injury and death. The purpose of this project was to improve injury and near-miss data for analysis. The research focused on four questions: (a) How can injury reporting impact firefighter safety; (b) How can near-miss reporting impact firefighter safety; (c) How do organizations use injury and near-miss data to make changes that affect firefighter safety; and (d) What factors influence the success of an injury or near-miss reporting program? A literature review, combined with original research in the form of interviews, a questionnaire, a SWOT [strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats] analysis and a round table discussion contributed to the findings. Results indicate that: (a) firefighters use injury and near-miss in different ways to impact their own safety, (b) organizations use injury and near-miss data in different ways to improve firefighter safety, and (c) there are certain factors that affect the success of a reporting program."
U.S. Fire Administration. National Fire Academy: https://nfa.usfa.fema.gov/