After the Disaster! Toward an Emotional and Spiritual Response for Wolfforth Fire and EMS [open pdf - 247KB]
"Responses to incidents and occurrences within Wolfforth Fire and EMS [Emergency Medical Services] have left the agency at times in a state of crisis from within its own ranks. The problem was: Wolfforth Fire and EMS lacked any mechanism to care for the emotional and spiritual needs of its members and the victims it serves following a disaster. The purpose of this research was to develop a program to provide for the emotional and spiritual needs of the members and the people they serve following a disaster. This ARP [advanced research project] employed a descriptive research methodology. The procedures used to collect data for this project were multiple interviews and a questionnaire. The research questions used to guide this research were: a) Are first responders and the people they serve more than physical beings? b) What is a disaster? c) What arc the emotional and spiritual needs of responders and victims following a disaster? d) What is Wolfforth Fire and EMS currently doing to address the emotional and spiritual needs of its responders and the victims of disaster? e) What arc other agencies doing to address the emotional and spiritual needs of their responders and the victims of disaster? The research results revealed a program of emotional and spiritual care is a critical need."
U.S. Fire Administration. National Fire Academy: https://nfa.usfa.fema.gov/