EMS Under Fire: Developing an Active Shooter Incident Response Plan for the Manchester Fire - Rescue - EMS Department [open pdf - 227KB]
"The world was reminded of the harsh realities of Active Shooter Incidents on December 14, 2012 when a 20-year-old male fatally shot twenty-six children and six staff members at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, CT. The increasing frequency of these incidents has led public safety agencies to consider how to respond to these horrific events. The problem is that the Manchester Fire - Rescue - EMS Department (Connecticut) does not have a Standard Operating Practice for response to Active Shooter Incidents. The purpose of this applied research project is to develop a Standard Operating Practice for a safe and effective response by the Manchester Fire - Rescue - EMS Department (MFRE) to Active Shooter Incidents (ASI). The action research method is utilized to examine the present knowledge base on Active Shooter Incident response and develop a plan that integrates the strengths and specific characteristics of the public safety agencies in Manchester. Five research questions were identified: 1) what department policies must be developed or modified to support this type of incident response; 2) what are the most appropriate practices for MFRE response to Active Shooter Incidents; 3) what are the best practices for integrating multiple agency operations at an Active Shooter Incident; 4) what specialized equipment is required for responses to Active Shooter Incidents; and, 5) what specialized training is required for MFRE personnel? Analytical reviews were conducted of the available research on ASIs and the policies and incident response models of fire, law enforcement and emergency medical services organizations at national, state and regional levels. A draft Standard Operating Practice for MFRE response to Active Shooter Incidents was synthesized. A collaborative team from local agencies developed the integrated response plan presented as Appendix A. Recommendations include the establishment of pre-incident relationships and the routine utilization of Unified Command."
United States Fire Administration: http://www.usfa.fema.gov/