This edition of the MES Insights published by the Middle East Studies (MES) program of the Marine Corps University contains the following article: "From Wolf Pack to Lone Wolf: The Retreating Islamic State's Radicalized Strategy to Exist Beyond Territoriality" by Joseph Tyler Gruber. From the Introduction: "Analysis of the self-identified Islamic State's (IS) prolific and complex propaganda machine combined with increasing incidents of homegrown terrorism paint the group as a pervasive national security threat with a global reach. At the same time, reports from the front lines of its self-proclaimed 'caliphate' in Iraq and Syria boast sequential defeats and massive territorial losses for IS. These conflicting depictions of IS's capacity are reflective of the jihadist group's broad strategy to reshape its identity. By promoting and producing so-called 'lone wolf' terrorist attacks internationally, IS is seeking a new source of legitimacy which can survive the military and territorial losses of the caliphate."
Marine Corps University (U.S.). Middle East Studies: http://www.mcu.usmc.mil/SitePages/Middle East Studies.aspx
MES Insights (August 2017), v.8, no.4