Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP): History and Overview [August 17, 2017] [open pdf - 1MB]
"Congress established the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) through the National Science and Technology Policy, Organization, and Priorities Act of 1976 (P.L. 94-282). The act states, 'The primary function of the OSTP Director is to provide, within the Executive Office of the President [EOP], advice on the scientific, engineering, and technological aspects of issues that require attention at the highest level of Government.' Further, 'The Office shall serve as a source of scientific and technological analysis and judgment for the President with respect to major policies, plans, and programs of the Federal Government.'"
CRS Report for Congress, R43935
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html