Over the last five years, Congress and the executive branch have closely monitored and responded to new developments in Russian policy. These developments include the following:  increasingly authoritarian governance since Vladimir Putin's return to the presidential post in 2012;  Russia's 2014 annexation of Ukraine's Crimea region and support of separatists in eastern Ukraine;  violations of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty;  Moscow's intervention in Syria in support of Bashar al Asad's government; [increased military activity in Europe; and cyber-related influence operations that, according to the U.S. intelligence community, have targeted the 2016 U.S. presidential election and countries in Europe.
|Report Number:||CRS Report for Congress, R44775|
|Publisher:||Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service|
|Retrieved From:||Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html|