Legal and Practical Effects of Private Immigration Legislation and Recent Policy Changes [June 30, 2017] [open pdf - 128KB]
From the Document: "For many years, private immigration bills have served as the last step to prevent the removal of certain aliens who are subject to final orders of removal. Generally, this practice has been reserved for a very small group of aliens who, while having been deemed by the private bills' sponsors to have extraordinary equities in the United States, are also--for whatever reason--statutorily ineligible for any relief under existing federal immigration laws. Supporters of the use of private immigration bills argue that they serve as 'a critical safety net' in situations where the aliens' removal would result in great hardship for their families in this country. On the other hand, opponents contend that private bills undermine the fair and uniform administration of the nation's immigration laws."
CRS Legal Sidebar, June 30, 2017
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html