Federal Grants to State and Local Governments: A Historical Perspective on Contemporary Issues [June 22, 2017] [open pdf - 954KB]
"Over the years, the federal intergovernmental system of governance has been characterized by many as becoming increasingly centralized and coercive, with the federal government using federal grants, federal mandates, and federal preemption of state authority to expand its influence in many policy areas previously viewed as being primarily state and local government responsibilities. In FY2018, the federal government is expected to provide state and local governments more than $703 billion in federal grants encompassing a wide range of public policy areas, such as health care, transportation, income security, education, job training, social services, community development, and environmental protection. Federal grants account for just under one-third of total state government funding, and more than half of state government funding for health care and public assistance."
CRS Report for Congress, R40638
Federation of American Scientists: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/index.html