ABSTRACT

Foot-and-Mouth Disease USDA's Evaluations of Foreign Animal Health Systems Could Benefit from Better Guidance and Greater Transparency   [open pdf - 9MB]

"Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is a virus that causes painful lesions, making it difficult for livestock to stand or eat and greatly reducing meat and milk production. No FMD cases have been recorded in the United States since 1929. Federal regulations restrict fresh beef imports from countries where the disease is present because the disease may survive in untreated, uncooked beef (beef), and can be costly to control and eliminate. According to USDA [United States Department of Agriculture], an outbreak of FMD could cause grave damage to the U.S. beef industry, which had a retail value of $95 billion in 2014. GAO [Government Accountability Office] reviewed (1) USDA's process for evaluating the animal health systems of countries seeking to export beef products to the United States, and (2) how this process could be improved. GAO analyzed documentation supporting seven countries' requests for FMD animal health system evaluations. GAO also reviewed federal regulations, guidance, and a key trade agreement; and interviewed knowledgeable USDA and industry officials."

Report Number:
GAO-17-373
Publisher:
Date:
2017-04
Copyright:
Public Domain
Retrieved From:
Government Accountability Office: http://www.gao.gov/
Format:
pdf
Media Type:
application/pdf
URL:
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