Cognitive Defense: Influencing the Target Choices of Less Sophisticated Threat Actors [open html - 98KB]
"With the emergence of non-state threats and new operating environments since the end of the Cold War, the relevance of deterrence as a security tool has repeatedly been called into doubt. Modern adversaries often lack territory, militaries, economies, or even identities to threaten and retaliate against. Their motivations are diverse and they are increasingly selecting soft targets on the basis of opportunity. Governments can no longer be relied upon as they once were to deter attacks against the homeland, shifting the burden of deterrence downward to the private and public parties being targeted. Alternative approaches are needed that account for this fundamental change. Taking inspiration from criminology and behavioral economics, we identify ways in which cognitive biases can be manipulated to affect adversary target preferences and then explore how this approach can be used to aid defenders on the ground."
2017 by the author(s). Posted here with permission. Documents are for personal use only and not for commercial profit.
Homeland Security Affairs Journal: http://www.hsaj.org/
Homeland Security Affairs (April 2017), v.13, article 1