Achievable Multinational Cyber Treaty: Strengthening Our Nation's Critical Infrastructure [open pdf - 447KB]
"The 2010 US National Security Strategy identifies large-scale cyber attacks to the nation's critical infrastructure as a major hazard to the homeland and announces the intention to reduce that vulnerability by pursuing diplomacy and supporting international norms of cyber behavior. Developing cyber norms and institutions is problematic, however. Competing interests exist among major state actors in the multinational environment--in particular Russia, China, and the United States--concerning information freedom and access. This paper will explain the genesis of these disagreements, propose that the United States move beyond the information-freedom debate, and then focus efforts on critical infrastructure security to further international cooperation. A survey of diplomatic, academic, and political literature indicates broad, global support for the protection of critical infrastructure, despite the limited progress in international agreements to date. Furthermore, analysis of the literature yields additional conclusions based on the reported efforts of the political and business actors regarding the critical infrastructure industry. Significant literature and public statements promote domestic actions to improve critical infrastructure security, but a lack of accountability limits the funding and the establishment of standards required to meet the objectives of the National Security Strategy. The United States has made incremental improvements in the legal and regulatory aspects of cybersecurity. However, additional federal regulatory powers could improve critical infrastructure protection. An international agreement covering critical infrastructure could also positively address the growing threats to our nation's networks."
Air University Press: http://www.au.af.mil/au/aupress/